|As a general rule when a title precedes a name, it is
capitalized. When a title follows the name, or is in apposition to a proper name, it is lowercased. In the case of a long or unwieldy
title, reorganize the sentence structure so that the title follows the
See also: ABBREVIATIONS, CLERGY, FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS,
NICKNAMES OF PERSONS, ROYALTY AND NOBILITY,
and individual entries: Jr., Sr., III, sir.
AIR FORCE, ARMY, COAST GUARD, MARINE CORPS, , NAVY,
special forces, armed forces, armed services, MILITARY RANKS,
MILITARY UNITS, Ranger, Rangers, SEAL, SEALs.
|1.||Military and religious titles
||Gen. Peter Pace, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff; the general
Adm. Sir Frances Beaufort; Admiral Beaufort; Sir Frances
General Lord Cornwallis
Dean Oliver Payne; Oliver Payne, the dean of the cathedral; the dean of St. Mark's; the dean
the late Cardinal Joseph Bernardin; the cardinal
Archbishop James A. Hickey; but Catholic archbishop James A. Hickey; James A. Hickey, the archbishop; the archbishop of Washington
|2.||Civil and professional titles
||President Barack Obama; but U.S. president Barack Obama; the president
Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman; Samuel W. Bodman, secretary of energy; the secretary of energy; the energy secretary; the secretary
House Speaker Paul Ryan; the speaker of the House; the speaker
Senate Majority Leader Trent Lott; Senator Lott, the majority leader
Prime Minister David Cameron; but British prime minister David Cameron; David Cameron, prime minister of Great Britain; the prime minister
Senator Tom O'Neill; the senator from Alabama, Tom O'Neill
Congresswoman Eleanor Holmes Norton; Eleanor Holmes Norton, congresswoman from D.C. or representative from D.C.; the congresswoman or the representative
Mayor Amanda MacEvitt; but San Diego mayor Amanda MacEvitt; the mayor; the mayor of San Diego
Park Superintendent Lynn Addison, the superintendent
assistant park superintendent Catherine Barker
park ranger Kevin P. Allen
research editor Heidi Schultz
sanitation engineer Throckmorton K. Zandervelt III
|3.||Academic titles: Use of the title Dr. (whether for M.D. or Ph.D., though generally avoid using Dr. for Ph.D. holders) parallels that of Mr.,
Mrs., etc. It is generally not used before the full name.
||Carolyn White, Walt Whitman Professor of English
Professor of Anthropology Alice Jones; Alice Jones, professor of anthropology; Jones
James Robert Gray, professor emeritus of radiation biology at Harvard Medical School; Dr. Gray
|4.||Corporation titles: At Sweeney Enterprise, President Karen E. Gibbs introduced me to
bookkeeper Cathy Newman, security officer Sally S. Summerall, and
general manager Whitney Dangerfield.
but: yes, sir
|Your Majesty, Her Majesty
Her Royal Highness, Your Royal Highness
Your Grace, My Lord, His Lordship
|6.||Epithets and appellations are capped if well established, but lowercased and quoted if less firmly established:
||the Maid of Orléans
the Iron Duke
|"the hostess with the mostest"
the "legal eagle"