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state

Capitalize when following New York or Washington. Otherwise lowercase, except for the States, meaning the United States.

New York State, state of New York, the state
upstate New York; Elmira, New York, is ...
Washington State, state of Washington, the state
Virginia state control
13 original states
the 48 contiguous (or conterminous) states—excludes Alaska and Hawaii
lower forty-eight; lower 48; lower 48 states (contiguous 48 states)
the 49th state
the 50 states
state park, state government
stateside, statewide
the continental United States (includes Alaska)
mountain states, western states, etc.
middle Atlantic states

Lowercase state for other nations:
            Chihuahua state, Mato Grosso state, Kerala state.

Capitalize nicknames of states: Texas, the Lone Star State.

Generally do not abbreviate the name of a state in text. In certain cases, such as maps and map notes, atlases, and fact boxes, abbreviations may be used.

Below is an accepted list of traditional abbreviations with two-letter postal abbreviations included in bold. Postal abbreviations should be used in addresses and may also be used on maps and on the spine of the magazine:


Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California
Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida
Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas
Ala.
Alaska
Ariz.
Ark.
Calif.
Colo.
Conn.
Del.
D.C.
Fla.
Ga.
Hawaii
Idaho
Ill.
Ind.
Iowa
Kans.
AL
AK
AZ
AR
CA
CO
CT
DE
DC
FL
GA
HI
ID
IL
IN
IA
KS

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Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
Ky.
La.
Maine
Md.
Mass.
Mich.
Minn.
Miss.
Mo.
Mont.
Nebr.
Nev.
N.H.
N.J.
N. Mex.
N.Y.
N.C.
KY
LA
ME
MD
MA
MI
MN
MS
MO
MT
NE
NV
NH
NJ
NM
NY
NC
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North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming
N. Dak.
Ohio
Okla.
Oreg.
Pa.
R.I.
S.C.
S. Dak.
Tenn.
Tex.
Utah
Vt.
Va.
Wash.
W. Va.
Wis.
Wyo.
ND
OH
OK
OR
PA
RI
SC
SD
TN
TX
UT
VT
VA
WA
WV
WI
WY