|Spanish-speaking people often use two surnames: the
first is the father's family name, the second is the mother's. Generally
only the father's name is used on second reference. Some individuals
use a y (for and) between the two family names; include this only if both names are subsequently used on second reference.
Thus if Alberto García Rubio and Carmen Haro Santillana have a son
called Alejandro, he will be called Alejandro García Haro. It is never
incorrect to give both these family names but often one will be dropped.
A married woman may choose to keep her maiden name or to use her
husband's, preceded by "de," after her own. Thus Carmen Haro Santillana
could be known as:
Carmen Haro Santillana
Carmen Haro de García
Haro Santillana de García
Señora de García
Señora de García Rubio
Use Mrs. or Señora García on second reference.
Follow the individual's preference if this can be determined. If not, follow these general guidelines:
Señor Gabriel González Videla His wife: Señora de González
Señor Gabriel González V.
Señor González (not Señor Videla)
All accents on both capital and lowercase letters are retained.
The forms don (for a man) and doña (for a woman), signs of
respect, are used with first names:
Don Carlos, Doña Susana.
talking about someone, the surname may also be included:
Doña Susana Salvador
but don and doña cannot be used with surnames only. The definite article is never used with don or doña.