|A colon, which is usually preceded by an independent
clause, introduces a restatement, an amplification, an explanation, or a
list or series.
Use a colon when there is no connective or one like
"the following" or "as follows:"
He has a few things to do: work, loaf,
sleep, read, and eat.
Do not use a colon after a conjunction or a preposition, or to separate the verb from what follows.
|Slang includes such terms as: hassle, the pits, right on.
Slang includes such terms as hassle, the pits, right on.
The topic of tonight's lecture is: Will issue editors adopt the carefully revised Style Manual?
||With quotations: A quotation of more than normal length (two
sentences or more) is usually preceded by a colon. A shorter quotation
is ordinarily preceded by a comma. However, a very short quotation may
not need punctuation:
The dog cried "Yap!"
A quotation preceded by a verb that has a direct object requires a
She murmured her reply: "Bring soft drinks next time."
quotation that is not introduced by a verb of saying (comment, shout, murmur, say, etc.) is preceded by a colon:
He pointed: "Look at the moon!"
||With capitalization: Capitalize a complete sentence that follows a
colon or a statement or list that is long and involved, even if it is
not a sentence:
Some riddles have always haunted men: Where did the moon
come from? Of what is it made?